The steps I mentioned were to eliminate possibilities, in order to determine a single cause for failure.
If the CD boots elsewhere, it's not the problem.
If the PC boots other CDs, it's not the problem.
Unfortunately you're no further on. If you cannot get anything to work anywhere, then you still don't know what the root cause is. All possibilities still exist.
We need to know the cause to determine your course of action. You don't want to keep burning CDs if the first one was OK, and you don't want to buy a new CD-ROM drive if the old one still works.
One other thing to try, if you have some DVD-RW or DVD+RW available, is try burning to a DVD instead of a CD. There are different lasers in a multi-media drive for the different formats, and it's possible that one has failed whilst the other still works.